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Stephen Grover Cleveland:
A Presidential Unit

Stephen Grover Cleveland was both the 22nd and 24th President of the United States of America. He was born 18 March 1837 in Caldwell, New Jersey and died 24 June 1908. His nicknames were "Grover the Good" and "Uncle Jumbo".

Political Party: Democrat
Years Served: March 4, 1885 to March 3, 1889; March 4, 1893 to March 3, 1897
Vice President(s): Thomas A. Hendricks and Adlai E. Stevenson
Name of his parents: Richard Falley Cleveland and Anne Neal
Wife's name: Frances Folsom
Yearly Salary as President: $50,000
Physical Stature: 5 feet, 11 inches
State of Birth: New Jersey

"Grover Cleveland didn't like other people talking for him. He even answered his own telephone at the White House. Another thing he didn't like to do was compromise, which often got him in trouble ... both with his opponents and with his friends."

On Line Lesson Plans:

Grover Cleveland from TeacherVision
Grover Cleveland from DiscoverySchool.com
Presidential Thinkquest

Coloring Pages, Crafts, and Fun Activities:

Presidential Finger Puppets
Annie's Page
Grover Cleveland from Enchanted Learning

On Line Resources:

American Presidents' Life Portraits
The American Presidency from Grollier
White House Historical Society
The History Buff -- US Presidents
Roll Call of the Presidents

Trivia Questions:

1. What were the names of the Cleveland children and how many were there? [Answer: Ruth Cleveland (1891-1904); Esther Cleveland (1893-1980); Marion Cleveland (1895-1977); Richard Folsom Cleveland (1897-1974); Francis Grover Cleveland (1903-1995) ]

2. What other political positions did Cleveland hold? [Answer: Sheriff of Erie County, NY, 1870-73; Mayor of Buffalo, NY, 1882; Governor of New York, 1883-85].

Of Note:

Cleveland is the only president to serve two nonconsecutive terms.

Cleveland discovered a cancerous growth on the roof of his mouth in the middle of the economic crisis of 1893. So that his illness would not cause a greater panic, he and several doctors snuck aboard a pleasure boat and removed the growth. The public thought he was on a fishing trip and never knew the truth until 1917.

While sheriff of Erie County, New York, Cleveland was also the public executioner and personally hanged two murderers.

Cleveland was the first executive movie star. In 1895, Alexander Black came to Washington and asked Cleveland to appear in "A Capital Courtship", his photoplay. He agreed to be filmed while signing a bill into law. "A Captial Courtship" was a big hit on the Lyceum Circuit.

Since Cleveland was the sole supporter of his family during the Civil War, he paid a substitute to take his place.

Cleveland answered the White House phone, personally.

Cleveland vetoed 414 bills in his first term, more than double the 204 vetoes cast be all previous presidents. Cleveland used his veto powers 584 times during his two terms. This is the highest total of any president except Franklin D. Roosevelt, who served three terms.

"Death and Destruction" was the name that Grover Cleveland gave to his favorite hunting rifle.

He was the only president married in the White House.

The Baby Ruth candy bar was named after Cleveland's baby daughter, Ruth.

The only president's child born in the White House was Cleveland's daughter Esther.

Frances Folsom Cleveland was the youngest First Lady in history thus far.


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