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Herbert Clark Hoover:
A Presidential Unit

Herbert Clark Hoover, orphan by the age of 8, grew up to be the 31st president of the United States of America. He was often called "The Great Engineer" and as a Quaker dealt with pangs of conscience during both World War I and World War II which he mitigated by setting up food distribution systems to get relief to people in war torn Europe.

Political Party: Republican
Years Served: 1929 - 1933
Vice President(s): Charles Curtis
Name of his parents: Jesse Clark Hoover and Hulda Randall Minthorn
Wife's name: Lou Henry (1875-1944), on February 10, 1899
Yearly Salary as President: $75,000
Physical Stature: 5 feet, 11 inces
State of Birth: Iowa


"Herbert Hoover became an orphan when he was just eight years old. After that he lived with different relatives across the country before finally settling in Oregon.

Hoover was a mining engineer and quickly used his success career to become a millionaire. He was even Secretary of Commerce for both Presidents Harding and Coolidge. Herbert Hoover was also successful in his marriage. Lou Henry Hoover played an important part in her husband's political career.

But, despite all of this, when he became president himself he failed to realize that the country was in very deep economic trouble. In October 1929 the Stock Market crashed. This was the start of the historical period known as The Great Depression, which affected not only the USA but the entire world. People blamed Hoover for not being able to find ways to end the Depression and did not re-elect him.

On Line Lesson Plans:

Herbert Hoover from TeacherVision
Herbert Hoover
Presidential Thinkquest


Coloring Pages, Crafts, and Fun Activities:

Presidential Finger Puppets
Annie's Page
Herbert Hoover from Enchanted Learning


On Line Resources:

http://www.hoover.archives.gov/
http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/hh31.html
http://www.nps.gov/heho/
http://gi.grolier.com/presidents/ea/bios/31phoov.html
http://www.hooverassoc.org/
http://www.bartleby.com/124/pres48.html
http://www.americanpresident.org/kotrain/courses/HH/HH_In_Brief.htm
http://www.americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=30
http://www.toad.net/~falkland/hoover/hoover1.html
http://gi.grolier.com/presidents/aae/bios/31phoov.html
http://www.geocities.com/mb_williams/hooverpapers/


Trivia Questions:

1. What were the names of the Hoover's children? [Answer: Herbert Clark Hoover (1903-69); Allan Henry Hoover (1907-93)]

2. What other political positions did Hoover hold? [Answer: Secretary of Commerce, 1921-23 (under Harding) and Secretary of Commerce, 1923-28 (under Coolidge)].



Of Note:

Hoover was the first President to have a telephone right at his desk. Before him, Presidents had to make their calls from a phone booth next to the President's office.

Hoover's son Alan had pet alligators that were allowed to roam the White House.

Both Hoover and his wife spoke several languages. When they didn't want the White House staff to know what they were saying, they would speak Chinese.

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