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Native Americans: Tribes of the USA

Native American peoples have always played a significant role in US history. Unfortunately, direct factual knowledge has been lost or misrepresented in many cases which has translated into only a vague inclusion of real Native American history into children's lessons.

Below is a list of Tribal Nations that live and/or lived in what is today the contiguous US as well as some from the North and Pacific Northeast of the North American continent. I do not profess to be an expert on Native American culture and tradition, but I do think it important to include factual information when including them in our lesson plans. Use this list to help you do further research on the Tribal Nations of your area.


Please Note: if you have a correction and/or addition to this list, please forward it to EFSNewsletter-owner@yahoogroups.com along with the recorded source of the addition/correction for verification. Some of the tribal names below are the most common English translations of the Native American dialect used by that tribe for themselves. You'll also see duplications if the Tribal lands extended over more than one state/area.

This list is quite long with additional links at the bottom for further study and research.

North and Pacific Northeast

CANADA AND ALASKA

Aleut
Athabascan
Bear Lake
Beaver
Bella Coola
Chigmiut
Chuga
Cree
Haida
Han
Hare
Ingalik
Innuit
Kaska
Kwakiutl
Koyukon
Kutchin
Malemiut
Nootka
Salish
Sekani
Slave
Tagish
Tanana
Tlingit


IDAHO

Bannock (Shoshone)
Coeur d' Alene
Flathead
Kootenai
Nez Perce'
Paiute
Palouse
Shoshone
Skitswish
Spokan


MICHIGAN

Menominee
Chippewa
Ojibwa
Ottawa


MINNESOTA

Chippewa
Dakota
Sac and Fox
Sioux (Lower, Upper, Shakopee, Satee)
Wahpeton


OREGON

Cayuse
Clatsop
Coos
Deschutes
Kalapoola
Klamath
Modoc
Paiute
Shosoni
Siltez
Siuslaw
Tenino
Tilkuni
Umatilla
Umpqua
Walla Walla
Wasco


WASHINGTON

Chehalis
Chinook
Clallam
Colville
Hoh
Kalispel
Klickitat
Lummi
Makah
Methow
Nespelim
Nez Perce'
Nisqually Nooksak
Okinagan
Palouse
Puyallup
Quileute
Quinalut
Sanpoil
Sneijextee
Skagit
Skitswish
Skokomish
Spokan
Squaxon
Stillaguamish
Wasco
Wenatchee
Yakima


WISCONSIN

Mahican
Menominee
Munsee
Ojibuwa
Oneida
Potawatomi
Sac and Fox
Winnebago


Northeast

CONNECTICUT

Mashantucket Pequot
Mahican
Paugusset
Pequot
Schaghticoke


DELAWARE

Maliseet
Nanticoke
Nipmuck
Passamaquoddy
Wampanoag


MAINE

Abnaki
Passamaquoddy
Algonkian
Penobscot


MASSACHUSETTS

Massachusetts
Wampanoag
Pequot


NEW HAMPSHIRE

Pennacook


NEW JERSEY

Delaware


NEW YORK

Adirondak
Akwesasne
Algonkian
Cayuga
Hanhasset
Iroquois
Iroquois Confederacy (Six Nations)
Manhatten
Mohawl
Mohican
Montauk
Oneida
Onondaga
Seneca
Shinnecock
Tuscarora
Wappinger


PENNSYLVANIA

Erie
Munsee
Delaware
Suksquehanna


RHODE ISLAND

Nrragansett


VERMONT

Mohawk
Iroquois


Midwest

ILLINOIS

Cahokia
Illinois
Kaskasskia
Kickapoo
Poeria
Shawnee


INDIANA

Miami
Wea
Yuchi


MISSOURI

Shawnee


OHIO

Erie
Shawnee
Wyandot


South

ARKANSAS

Caddo
Quapaw
Nachitoches


FLORIDA

Apalachee
Calusa
Miccosukee
Seminole
Takesta
Timucha


GEORGIA

Chatot
Cherokee
Creek
Okmulgee
Quale
Yamasee


LOUISIANA

Caddo
Chitmacha
Coushatta
Houma
Nachitoches
Natchez
Tunica-Biloxi
Washa


MARYLAND

Nanticoke


MISSISSIPPI

Biloxi
Catawba
Cherokee
Chickasaw
Choctaw
Pascagoula
Yazoo


NORTH CAROLINA

Catawba
Cheraw
Cherokee
Chowanoc
Hatteras
Pamlico
Saponi
Sugeree
Tuscarora
Woccon


SOUTH CAROLINA

Catawba
Coosa
Creek
PeeDee
Santee


TENNESSEE

Cherokee
Chickasaw
Chickmunga
Yuchi


TEXAS

Alabama-Coushatta
Apache (Lipan)
Atakapa
Comanche
Isleta
Karan
Kawa
Kickapoo
Kiowa
Mescalero
Tonkawa
Wichita
Ysleta del Sur Pueblo


VIRGINIA

Chickahominy
Chkowanoc
Manahoac
Mattaponi
Monacan
Pamunkey
Powhatan
Tuscarora
Tutelo


WEST VIRGINIA

Manahoac
Tutelo


Southwest

ARIZONA

Ak-Chin
Apache
Chemhuevi
Chiricahua
Cocopah
Havasupai
Hohokam
Hopi
Hualapai
Kaibab-Paiute
Maricopa
Mohave
Navajo
Paiute (Kaibab)
Papago
Pima
Quechan
Tonto
Walapai
Yaqui
Yavapai
Yuma
Zuni


COLORADO

Arapaho
Cheyenne
Jicarilla Apache
Ute


NEW MEXICO

Acoma
Apache
Conchiti
Keresan
Manso
Mongollon
Piro
Pueblo
Tesuque
Tewa
Tiwa Tano
Zuni


UTAH

Bear River
Goshute
Navajo
Pahvant
Shoshone
Ute


Plains

IOWA

Iowa
Mesquakie
Omaha
Sac and Fox
Winnebago
Yangton Sioux


KANSAS

Iowa
Kansa
Kaw
Kickapoo
Kiowa
Osage
Oto
Wichita


NEBRASKA

Arapaho
Omaha
Oto
Pawnee
Sioux
Winnebago


NORTH DAKOTA

Arikara
Chippewa
Hankpapa
Hankpapa
Hidatsa
Mandan
Sioux


OKLAHOMA

Apache
Arapaho
Caddo
Cherokee
Cheyenne
Chickasaw
Choctaw
Commanche
Creek
Delaware
Iowa
Kiowa
Kiowa-Apache
Miami
Modoc
Osage
Ottawa
Pawnee
Peoria
Ponca
Potawatomi
Quapaw
Sac and Fox
Seminole
Seneca-Cayuga
Shawnee
Sioux
Susquehanna
Tonkawa
Wichita
Wyandot
Yuchi


SOUTH DAKOTA

Miniconjou
Pona
Sioux


WYOMING

Arapaho
Cheyenne
Crow
Gros Ventre
Lakota
Shoshone


West

CALIFORNIA

Achomawi
Atseguwi
Cabazon
Cahto
Cahuilla
Chemeheuvi
Chumash
Coast Miwok
Diegueno
Esselen
Hoopa
Ipai
Karok
Kumeyaay Nation
Luiseno
Maidu
Mojave
Mono
Morongo
Ohlone
Paiute
Pomo
Serrano
Shasta
Shoshone
Tache Yokutus
Talawa
Tipai
Tolowa
Tygh
Wailaki
Wappo
Wintun
Wiyot
Yahi
Yokutus
Yuki
Yurok


NEVADA

Gosute
Paiute
Panaca
Shoshone
Washo
Winnemucca


For more information, you might be interested in visiting any of the over 800 listings for Native American tribes, nations, and bands listed in the Open Directory of DMOZ.

Law Library of Congress, Native American section

Infodome on Treaties

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