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James Buchanan: A Presidential Unit

James Buchanan was the 15th US President, he served from 1857 to 1861. He was born 23 Apr 1791 at Cove Gap, Pennsylvania and he was the only president who remained a bachelor his entire life.

Political Party: Democrat
Years Served: 4 March 1857 – 3 March 1861
Vice President(s): John C. Breckenridge
Name of his parents: James Buchanan and Elizabeth Speer
Wife’s name: never married
Yearly Salary as President: $25,000.00
Physical Stature: 6 feet
State of Birth: Pennsylvania

“James Buchanan was the only President who remained a bachelor during his entire life. As a young man, his fiancée died, and he promised himself he would never marry. Many people felt that Buchanan failed in his duties as President. But he did his best in an almost impossible situation. He served during one of the most difficult times in American history.”

On Line Lesson Plans:

James Buchanan from TeacherVision
James Buchanan from DiscoverySchool.com
Presidential Thinkquest

Coloring Pages, Crafts, and Fun Activities:

Presidential Finger Puppets
Annie’s Page
James Buchanan from Enchanted Learning

On Line Resources:

Biography of James Buchanan
Buchanan’s Obituary
Buchanan’s Inaugural Address
American Presidents’ Life Portraits
The American Presidency from Grollier
White House Historical Society
The History Buff -- US Presidents
Roll Call of the Presidents

Trivia Questions:

1. If Buchanan never married, who was the hostess of the White House during his term of office? [Answer: his niece, Harriet Lane.]

2. What states were admitted to the US during Buchanan’s term? [Answer: Minnesota, Oregon, and Kansas].

Of Note:

James Buchanan twice represented the US in a foreign country: Russia (1832-1834) and England (1853-1856).

During Buchanan’s term in office, the Pony Express began to carry mail (1860) overland to California, but then had to close down the next year due to the American Civil War.


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